The laws governing the legal use, storage and carrying of firearms are constantly changing. Below are the applicable laws in the State of Idaho as of March 29, 2016. The below information is designed to be a guide and not the final word. If you have specific questions, please refer to the State of Idaho legislature page.
18-3302K. ISSUANCE OF ENHANCED LICENSES TO CARRY CONCEALED WEAPONS.
(1) The sheriff of a county shall, within ninety (90) days after the filing of an application by any person who is not disqualified from possessing or receiving a firearm under state or federal law and has otherwise complied with the requirements of this section for an enhanced license, issue an enhanced license to the person to carry a weapon concealed on his person. Licenses issued under this section shall be valid for five (5) years from the date of issue.
(2) A person may file an application with the sheriff of the county in which he resides or, if not an Idaho resident, with the sheriff of any county in Idaho. The license application shall be in a form to be prescribed by the director of the Idaho state police, and shall ask the name, address, description and signature of the licensee, date of birth, place of birth, social security number, military status, citizenship and the driver's license number or state identification card number of the licensee if used for identification in applying for the license. If the applicant is not a U.S. citizen, the application shall also require any alien or admission number issued to the applicant by U.S. immigration and customs enforcement, or any successor agency. The application shall indicate that the provision of the social security number is optional. The sheriff shall make such applications readily available at the office of the sheriff or at other public offices in his jurisdiction. The license application shall contain a warning substantially as follows:
CAUTION: Federal law and state law on the possession of weapons and firearms differ. If you are prohibited by federal law from possessing a weapon or a firearm, you may be prosecuted in federal court. A state permit is not a defense to a federal prosecution.
(3) The sheriff shall require any person who is applying for original issuance of a license to submit his fingerprints in addition to the other information required in this section. Within five (5) days after the filing of an application, the sheriff shall forward the application and fingerprints to the Idaho state police. The Idaho state police shall conduct a national fingerprint-based records check, an inquiry through the national instant criminal background check system, and a check of any applicable state database, including a check for any mental health records that would disqualify a person from possessing a firearm under state or federal law, and shall return the results to the sheriff within seventy-five (75) days. If the applicant is not a U.S. citizen, an immigration alien query shall also be conducted through U.S. immigration and customs enforcement or any successor agency. The sheriff shall not issue a license before receiving and reviewing the results of the records check.
(4) The sheriff shall deny an enhanced license to carry a concealed weapon if the applicant is disqualified under any of the criteria listed in section 18-3302(1)(a) through (n), Idaho Code, or does not meet all of the following qualifications:
(a) Has been a legal resident of the state of Idaho for at least six (6) consecutive months before filing an application under this section or holds a current license or permit to carry concealed firearms issued by his state of residence; and
(b) Has successfully completed within twelve (12) months immediately preceding filing an application, a qualifying handgun course as specified in this paragraph and taught by a certified instructor who is not prohibited from possessing firearms under state or federal law. A copy of the certificate of successful completion of the handgun course, in a form to be prescribed by the director of the Idaho state police and signed by the course instructor, shall be submitted to the sheriff at the time of filing an application under this section. Certified instructors of handgun courses when filing an application under this section shall not be required to submit such certificates but shall submit a copy of their current instructor's credential. The sheriff shall accept as a qualifying handgun course a personal protection course offered by the national rifle association or an equivalent course meeting the following requirements:
(i) The course instructor is certified by the national rifle association, or by another nationally recognized organization that customarily certifies firearms instructors, as an instructor in personal protection with handguns, or the course instructor is certified by the Idaho peace officers standards and training council as a firearms instructor;
(ii) The course is at least eight (8) hours in duration;
(iii) The course is taught face to face and not by electronic or other means; and
(iv) The course includes instruction in:
1. Idaho law relating to firearms and the use of deadly force, provided that such instruction is delivered by either of the following whose name and credential shall appear on the certificate:
(A) An active licensed member of the Idaho state bar;or
(B) A law enforcement officer who possesses an intermediate or higher Idaho peace officers standards and training certificate.
2. The basic concepts of the safe and responsible use of handguns;
3. Self-defense principles; and
4. Live fire training including the firing of at least ninety-eight (98) rounds by the student.
(5) The license will be in a form substantially similar to that of the Idaho driver's license. It will bear the signature, name, address, date of birth, picture of the licensee, expiration date and the driver's license number or state identification card number of the licensee if used for identification in applying for the license. The license shall be clearly distinguishable from a license issued pursuant to section 18-3302, Idaho Code, and shall be marked "Idaho enhanced concealed weapons license" on its face. Upon issuing a license under the provisions of this section, the sheriff shall notify the Idaho state police within three (3) days on a form or in a manner prescribed by the Idaho state police. Information relating to an applicant or licensee received or maintained pursuant to this section by the sheriff or Idaho state police is confidential and exempt from disclosure under section 9-340B, Idaho Code.
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